Surrealism from the Museum of Modert Art in Scotland… ” Surrealism means beyond realism. The surrealists sought to go beyond the world of visible reality and instead investigate dreams,the unconscious, the irrational, the absurd, and the fanatic. ”
From lecture: “Surrealism- characterized by a probing of the irrational, the sub-conscious, the subliminal; (Andre Breton’s 1924 manifesto) – Pure Psychic Automatism
• Techniques such as discordant or repetitive music or automatic writing or reactions to photographs that defied convention, to bring out reactions that was not the product of conscious reason or social convention.
• In photography: double exposure, combination printing, montage, and solarization, unusual framing and distorted images.
–Man Ray – “made his “rayographs” without a camera by placing objects-such as the thumbtacks, coil of wire, and other circular forms used here-directly on a sheet of photosensitized paper and exposing it to light
-hovering between the abstract and the representational, the rayographs revealed a new way of seeing that delighted the Dadaist poets who championed his work, and that pointed the way to the dreamlike visions of the Surrealist writers and painters who followed.
-“Man Ray tried to create a Surrealist vision of the female form, and utilized solarization, cropping, over development (various photographic techniques) to create a surreal effect in his photographs.”
-“Man Ray had many mentors and inspirations through-out his life, one of the most notable being Marquis de Sade – a man imprisoned for writing about sexual exploits involving women. Man Ray was inspired by his obsession with women and also began to explore female eroticism, evident in many of his photographs.”